2022 Edition

Family Foster Care and Kinship Care (CA-FKC) 23: Case Closing and Aftercare

The organization works with reunified families, youth who are transitioning to independence, adoptive families, and families with permanent legal guardianship to plan for case closing and develop aftercare plans.


Viewing: CA-FKC 23 - Case Closing and Aftercare



Children in Family Foster Care and Kinship Care live in safe, stable, nurturing, and often temporary family settings that best provide the continuity of care to preserve relationships, promote well-being, and ensure permanency.
All elements or requirements outlined in the standard are evident in practice, as indicated by full implementation of the practices outlined in the Practice Standards.
Practices are basically sound but there is room for improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards; e.g.,   
  • Minor inconsistencies and not yet fully developed practices are noted; however, these do not significantly impact service quality; or
  • Procedures need strengthening; or
  • With few exceptions, procedures are understood by staff and are being used; or
  • Proper documentation is the norm and any issues with individual staff members are being addressed through performance evaluations and training; or
  • In a few instances, the organization terminated services inappropriately; or  
  • Active client participation occurs to a considerable extent; or
  • A formal case closing evaluation is not consistently provided to the public authority per the requirements of the standard.
Practice requires significant improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards. Service quality or program functioning may be compromised; e.g.,
  • Procedures and/or case record documentation need significant strengthening; or
  • Procedures are not well-understood or used appropriately; or
  • Services are frequently terminated inappropriately; or  
  • Aftercare planning is not initiated early enough to ensure orderly transitions; or
  • A formal case closing summary and assessment is seldom provided to the public authority per the requirements of the standard; or  
  • Several client records are missing important information; or
  • Client participation is inconsistent. 
Implementation of the standard is minimal or there is no evidence of implementation at all, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards; e.g.,
  • No written procedures, or procedures are clearly inadequate or not being used; or 
  • Documentation is routinely incomplete and/or missing. 
Self-Study EvidenceOn-Site EvidenceOn-Site Activities
  • Case closing procedures
  • Aftercare planning and follow-up procedures
  • Relevant portions of contract with public authority, as applicable
  • Interviews may include:
    1. Program director
    2. Relevant personnel
    3. Parents
    4. Children and youth
  • Review case records


CA-FKC 23.01

Planning for case closing: 
  1. is a clearly defined process that includes assignment of staff responsibility; 
  2. begins at initial assessment; and 
  3. involves the worker, children, families, resource families, and other supportive people chosen by children and families, as appropriate.
Examples: Supportive people chosen by children and families can include, for example, extended family, friends, and other service providers.


CA-FKC 23.02

Upon case closing, the organization notifies any collaborating service providers, including the courts and tribal governments, as appropriate.


CA-FKC 23.03

When children have been reunified with their families, the case closing process includes discussion with the family about the successful changes in behaviours and conditions that reduced risk to the child, and strategies for maintaining those changes.
NA The organization, by virtue of law or contract, does not serve parents. 


CA-FKC 23.04

The organization works with children and families to:
  1. develop an aftercare plan, sufficiently in advance of case closing, that identifies the family’s needs and goals and facilitates the initiation or continuation of needed supports and services, including crisis resources; or
  2. conduct a formal case closing evaluation, including an assessment of unmet need, when the organization has a contract with a public authority that does not include aftercare planning or follow-up,.


CA-FKC 23.05

The organization follows up on the aftercare plan, as appropriate, when possible, and with the permission of children and families.
NA The organization has a contract with a public authority that prohibits or does not include aftercare planning or follow-up.