2022 Edition

Youth Custody Services (CA-YCS) 10: Education Services

The organization provides or arranges for youth to receive education services and supports that help them advance to the highest possible level of academic achievement.


Organizations that do not provide educational services on-site should coordinate with other providers to meet the educational needs of youth. When organizations do not directly provide or arrange education services, case records should indicate that education plans are integrated into service plans and document advocacy for areas of unmet educational need.




Youth Custody Services promote public safety by providing youth with a supportive, structured setting that helps them address their needs and develop the attitudes and skills needed to make responsible choices, avoid negative behaviours, and become productive, connected, and law-abiding citizens.
All elements or requirements outlined in the standard are evident in practice, as indicated by full implementation of the practices outlined in the Practice Standards.
Practices are basically sound but there is room for improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards; e.g.,
  • Minor inconsistencies and not yet fully developed practices are noted; however, these do not significantly impact service quality; or
  • Procedures need strengthening; or
  • With few exceptions, procedures are understood by staff and are being used; or
  • For the most part, established timeframes are met; or
  • Proper documentation is the norm and any issues with individual staff members are being addressed through performance evaluations and training; or
  • Active client participation occurs to a considerable extent.
Practice requires significant improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards. Service quality or program functioning may be compromised; e.g.,
  • Procedures and/or case record documentation need significant strengthening; or
  • Procedures are not well-understood or used appropriately; or
  • Timeframes are often missed; or
  • Several client records are missing important information; or
  • Client participation is inconsistent. 
Implementation of the standard is minimal or there is no evidence of implementation at all, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards; e.g.,
  • No written procedures, or procedures are clearly inadequate or not being used; or 
  • Documentation is routinely incomplete and/or missing.      
Self-Study EvidenceOn-Site EvidenceOn-Site Activities
  • Procedures for developing and/or integrating education plans
  • Procedures for coordinating education services with other providers, if applicable
  • Proof of certification, accreditation, or registration, as applicable
  • Interviews may include:
    1. Program director
    2. Relevant personnel
    3. Youth served and their families
  • Review case records


CA-YCS 10.01

Youth are enrolled in an appropriate education program either on- or off-site that is approved, certified, accredited, registered, or operated by or in conjunction with the local school district.


CA-YCS 10.02

A comprehensive, coordinated education plan is developed for each youth, and integrated into the service plan.


If the organization does not participate in the development of the education plan it is still responsible for integrating the education plan into the service plan.

When youth are eligible for special education services, individualized education programs (IEPs) should be developed to address youths’ needs.


CA-YCS 10.03

The educational program incorporates effective instructional practices, quality curriculum design, and educational tools and supports for diverse learning needs.


CA-YCS 10.04

The organization provides or arranges, as needed:
  1. tutoring;
  2. preparation for a high school equivalency diploma;
  3. college preparation;
  4. parent-teacher meetings; and
  5. advocacy and support.