2022 Edition

Youth Custody Services (CA-YCS) 15: Planning for Reentry and Aftercare

The organization and youth work together to plan for transition and prepare for life after custody.


If another party (e.g., an aftercare case manager) is responsible for providing aftercare, they may play a role in implementing the practices addressed in this section. However, the organization is still expected to partner with that party to facilitate effective reentry planning, and ensure that the standards are implemented.
NA The organization provides only remand services.




Youth Custody Services promote public safety by providing youth with a supportive, structured setting that helps them address their needs and develop the attitudes and skills needed to make responsible choices, avoid negative behaviours, and become productive, connected, and law-abiding citizens.
Note: Although “Planning for Reentry and Aftercare” is a specific core concept standard, it is important to note that reentry preparation is not actually an entirely separate practice. In contrast, the services provided throughout custody should be designed to help youth avoid reoffending behaviour and become productive members of society.
All elements or requirements outlined in the standard are evident in practice, as indicated by full implementation of the practices outlined in the Practice Standards.
Practices are basically sound but there is room for improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards; e.g.,
  • Minor inconsistencies and not yet fully developed practices are noted; however, these do not significantly impact service quality; or
  • Procedures need strengthening; or
  • With few exceptions, procedures are understood by staff and are being used; or
  • For the most part, established timeframes are met; or
  • Proper documentation is the norm and any issues with individual staff members are being addressed through performance evaluations and training; or
  • Active client participation occurs to a considerable extent.
Practice requires significant improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards. Service quality or program functioning may be compromised; e.g.,
  • Procedures and/or case record documentation need significant strengthening; or
  • Procedures are not well-understood or used appropriately; or
  • Timeframes are often missed; or
  • Several client records are missing important information; or
  • Client participation is inconsistent. 
Implementation of the standard is minimal or there is no evidence of implementation at all, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards; e.g.,
  • No written procedures, or procedures are clearly inadequate or not being used; or 
  • Documentation is routinely incomplete and/or missing.      
Self-Study EvidenceOn-Site EvidenceOn-Site Activities
  • Reentry planning procedures
No On-Site Evidence
  • Interviews may include:
    1. Program director
    2. Relevant personnel
    3. Youth served and their families
  • Review case records


CA-YCS 15.01

To ensure an orderly transition from custody: 
  1. reentry planning begins soon after youth arrive at the facility; and
  2. youth, their family members, and relevant personnel are involved in developing plans for transition and aftercare.


If another organization or party (e.g., an aftercare case manager) is primarily responsible for providing aftercare, they should be involved in the planning process as soon as possible.


CA-YCS 15.02

Aftercare plans are linked to service plans and specify how to address risks, needs, and strengths in areas relevant to reentry, including, as appropriate:
  1. living arrangements;
  2. family relationships;
  3. peer groups and support networks;
  4. recreational activities;
  5. health;
  6. mental health;
  7. substance use conditions;
  8. finding and enrolling in appropriate education services, such as high school or GED programs, vocational training programs, special education services, and colleges or universities; and
  9. obtaining legitimate employment.


Post-custody living arrangements may vary based on a youth’s age, developmental level, and family situation. Although youth will often return to their families, the organization should have a system in place to ensure this is safe and appropriate. To facilitate a more gradual transition, some organizations may transfer youth to less-restrictive facilities, such as group homes, before they transition to longer-term living arrangements.


CA-YCS 15.03

The organization works with resources, services, and supports specified in the aftercare plan to:
  1. ensure that youth are admitted to appropriate programs before release from custody;
  2. prepare service providers and others in the community for youths’ arrival; and
  3. build positive connections to support youth after release.


CA-YCS 15.04

The organization provides youth with advance notice of the cessation of any benefits that may occur at release, and helps youth:
  1. register for healthcare as needed; and 
  2. sign up for other appropriate benefits, when available.


CA-YCS 15.05

Youth are helped to obtain or compile any documents they may need after release, including, as appropriate to youths’ ages and needs:
  1. an identification card;
  2. a social insurance number;
  3. a resume;
  4. a driver’s license, when the ability to drive is an appropriate goal;
  5. medical records and documentation;
  6. a birth certificate;
  7. documentation of immigration, citizenship, or naturalization, if applicable;
  8. death certificates when parents are deceased;
  9. a list of known relatives, with relationships, addresses, telephone numbers, and permissions for contacting involved parties; and
  10. educational records.