2022 Edition

Youth Independent Living Services (CA-YIL) 5: Service Coordination for Youth with Special Needs

Youth with special needs receive additional services that are integrated into a coordinated, goal-oriented service plan designed to promote safe and stable living, and build independence.
NA The organization does not serve youth with special needs.




Young adults who receive Youth Independent Living Services obtain safe and stable housing, develop life skills and competencies including work readiness, achieve educational and financial growth goals, and establish healthy, supportive adult and peer relationships.
Examples: “Youth with special needs” can include those with developmental disabilities and communication barriers, separated and unaccompanied minors, and immigrant and refugee youth.
All elements or requirements outlined in the standard are evident in practice, as indicated by full implementation of the practices outlined in the Practice Standards.
Practices are basically sound but there is room for improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards; e.g.,
  • Minor inconsistencies and not yet fully developed practices are noted; however, these do not significantly impact service quality; or
  • Procedures need strengthening; or
  • With few exceptions, procedures are understood by staff and are being used; or
  • For the most part, established timeframes are met; or
  • Proper documentation is the norm and any issues with individual staff members are being addressed through performance evaluations and training; or
  • Active client participation occurs to a considerable extent.
Practice requires significant improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards. Service quality or program functioning may be compromised; e.g.,
  • Procedures and/or case record documentation need significant strengthening; or
  • Procedures are not well-understood or used appropriately; or
  • Timeframes are often missed; or
  • Several client records are missing important information; or
  • Client participation is inconsistent. 
Implementation of the standard is minimal or there is no evidence of implementation at all, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards; e.g.,
  • No written procedures, or procedures are clearly inadequate or not being used; or 
  • Documentation is routinely incomplete and/or missing.      
Self-Study EvidenceOn-Site EvidenceOn-Site Activities
  • Procedures for coordinating services for youth with special needs
  • Copy of assessment tool(s)
No On-Site Evidence
  • Interviews may include:
    1. Program director
    2. Relevant personnel
    3. Youth
  • Review case records


CA-YIL 5.01

Service coordination for youth with special needs supports the person’s steps toward maximum independence in the least restrictive environment.


CA-YIL 5.02

Youth participate in developing an inventory of competencies in personal and life skills using a standardized life skills assessment tool.


CA-YIL 5.03

Based on the skills inventory, the organization develops measurable goals for independence that are reviewed on an on-going basis.