2022 Edition

Youth Independent Living Services (CA-YIL) 7: Family, Community, and Workplace Connections

Services and supports effectively draw upon a full range of available family, school, workplace, neighbourhood, and community resources that establish the youth as a primary resource for, and an active participant in, his or her development.




Young adults who receive Youth Independent Living Services obtain safe and stable housing, develop life skills and competencies including work readiness, achieve educational and financial growth goals, and establish healthy, supportive adult and peer relationships.
All elements or requirements outlined in the standard are evident in practice, as indicated by full implementation of the practices outlined in the Practice Standards.
Practices are basically sound but there is room for improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards; e.g.,
  • Minor inconsistencies and not yet fully developed practices are noted; however, these do not significantly impact service quality; or
  • Procedures need strengthening; or
  • With few exceptions, procedures are understood by staff and are being used; or
  • For the most part, established timeframes are met; or
  • Proper documentation is the norm and any issues with individual staff members are being addressed through performance evaluations and training; or
  • Active client participation occurs to a considerable extent.
Practice requires significant improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards. Service quality or program functioning may be compromised; e.g.,
  • Procedures and/or case record documentation need significant strengthening; or
  • Procedures are not well-understood or used appropriately; or
  • Timeframes are often missed; or
  • Several client records are missing important information; or
  • Client participation is inconsistent. 
Implementation of the standard is minimal or there is no evidence of implementation at all, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards; e.g.,
  • No written procedures, or procedures are clearly inadequate or not being used; or 
  • Documentation is routinely incomplete and/or missing.      
Self-Study EvidenceOn-Site EvidenceOn-Site Activities
  • Procedures for facilitating community and socialconnections
  • Procedures for referring youth to services
  • Table of contents of educational curricula
  • Community resource and referral list
  • Informational materials provided to youth
  • Educational curricula

  • Interviews may include:
    1. Program director
    2. Relevant personnel
    3. Youth
  • Review case records


CA-YIL 7.01

To facilitate access to all available services and active membership in the community, the organization:
  1. remains knowledgeable about local, regional, and provincial resources, including networking and leadership opportunities; and
  2. finds and creates opportunities for individuals to develop positive ties to the community based on mutual interests and abilities.


CA-YIL 7.02

The organization strives to engage youth directly as key partners, and to promote sufficient relevant resources, by encouraging youth participation in local or provincial leadership and advocacy activities, including community advisory and partnership groups.


CA-YIL 7.03

Program activities facilitate:
  1. youth-family connections;
  2. development of social support networks and healthy, meaningful relationships with caring individuals; 
  3. participation in peer group activities where they can meet, lend support, and share positive experiences; and
  4. a coordinated response to youth interests and needs.
Examples: “Caring individuals” may include mentors, community members, friends, siblings, and other family members.


CA-YIL 7.04

Youth have the opportunity to develop a comprehensive set of daily living, social, and communication skills, including:
  1. money management, including budgeting, saving, investing, and building credit;
  2. use of community resources;
  3. accessing public assistance;
  4. nutrition and food preparation;
  5. stress management and coping;
  6. time management;
  7. relationship building, effective communication, and conflict resolution;
  8. problem solving and decision making;
  9. hygiene, self-care, and personal safety; and
  10. exercising legal rights and responsibilities, such as voting.


CA-YIL 7.05

The organization provides support or housing services, including:
  1. information on obtaining housing and household management;
  2. education regarding available community housing options;
  3. education on tenant rights and responsibilities;
  4. assistance obtaining a safe, growth-enhancing living environment; and
  5. advocacy for safe, affordable, appropriate housing for youth with a goal of independent living.


CA-YIL 7.06

Youth receive help locating and/or enrolling in educational or vocational programs appropriate to their needs, interests and abilities, including:
  1. high school or GED programs;
  2. colleges or universities;
  3. vocational training programs; and
  4. special education services.


CA-YIL 7.07

Youth are helped to obtain and maintain employment, including assistance with:
  1. development of good work habits, skills, and self-awareness essential to sustained employment;
  2. development of self-confidence and presentation skills;
  3. resume writing, completion of job applications, and preparation for interviews;
  4. access to and use of employment information and data to understand job options, and clarify current and future work aspirations; and
  5. use of local employment resources, job finding, and placement options, including on-the-job training.

Fundamental Practice

CA-YIL 7.08

Youth are linked to necessary health services, including:
  1. medical services, such as routine care and medication management or monitoring;
  2. dental services;
  3. counselling, mental health services, and chemical dependency services;
  4. age-appropriate education regarding family planning, HIV/AIDS, and STD prevention, and general information about the prevention and treatment of disease; and
  5. insurance coverage.


CA-YIL 7.09

Youth receive additional support services, as needed, including:
  1. crisis intervention;
  2. transportation;
  3. legal assistance, including assistance with citizenship and naturalization;
  4. parent education and family support;
  5. child care and development; and
  6. activities that support social, cultural, and recreational interests, and religious observance.
Examples: Opportunities to participate in culturally appropriate social, cultural, recreational, and religious activities can help to expand the range of life experiences, and meet the needs of indigenous groups or individuals with special needs.