2022 Edition

Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Services (CA-IDDS) 5: Social Inclusion and Community Participation

Persons with developmental disabilities and their families can access a broad spectrum of community services and supports designed to build independence and help them exercise their rights, privileges, and responsibilities as full members of the community.


Viewing: CA-IDDS 5 - Social Inclusion and Community Participation



Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Services support children, youth, and adults to achieve full integration and inclusion in the mainstream, make choices, exert control over their lives, and fully participate in, and contribute to, their communities.
All elements or requirements outlined in the standard are evident in practice, as indicated by full implementation of the practices outlined in the Practice Standards.
Practices are basically sound but there is room for improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards; e.g.,
  • Minor inconsistencies and not yet fully developed practices are noted; however, these do not significantly impact service quality; or
  • Procedures need strengthening; or
  • With few exceptions, procedures are understood by staff and are being used; or
  • For the most part, established timeframes are met; or
  • Proper documentation is the norm and any issues with individual staff members are being addressed through performance evaluations and training; or
  • Active client participation occurs to a considerable extent.
Practice requires significant improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards. Service quality or program functioning may be compromised; e.g.,
  • Procedures and/or case record documentation need significant strengthening; or
  • Procedures are not well-understood or used appropriately; or
  • Timeframes are often missed; or
  • Several client records are missing important information; or
  • Client participation is inconsistent. 
Implementation of the standard is minimal or there is no evidence of implementation at all, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards; e.g.,
  • No written procedures, or procedures are clearly inadequate or not being used; or 
  • Documentation is routinely incomplete and/or missing.      
Self-Study EvidenceOn-Site EvidenceOn-Site Activities
  • Procedures for facilitating inclusion and community participation
  • Training, educational, and other material provided to individuals served regarding sexuality and relationships
  • Interviews may include:
    1. Program director
    2. Relevant staff
    3. Persons served
  • Review case records


CA-IDDS 5.01

The organization supports persons with developmental disabilities to establish meaningful social relationships, build and maintain natural support systems, exercise their rights and responsibilities, and participate in the life of their community by:
  1. identifying and pursuing the types of social roles, as well as family and other relationships, the individual wishes to pursue;
  2. providing opportunities for social and physical interaction with persons, in addition to service providers and recipients; and
  3. achieving an optimal level of community involvement and participation.


CA-IDDS 5.02

Individuals with developmental disabilities receive services and supports that are tailored to their individual needs and help them fully interact with the community and achieve maximum independence in the least restrictive environment.
Examples: Services and supports can include:
  1. adult foster care or kinship care;
  2. education;
  3. employment, including supported employment;
  4. health and behavioural health services;
  5. housing services and supports;
  6. in-home support;
  7. recreation;
  8. volunteerism;
  9. religious and spiritual supports;
  10. mentoring services; and
  11. transportation.
Services and supports for children and youth with developmental disabilities can also include:
  1. after-school programs;
  2. education support; and
  3. mentoring.

Fundamental Practice

CA-IDDS 5.03

Individuals with developmental disabilities receive appropriate support and education regarding sexuality and relationships, including:
  1. sexual development;
  2. safe and healthy relationships;
  3. family planning;
  4. prevention of STDs and HIV/AIDS; and
  5. prevention of sexual abuse and exploitation, including giving and receiving sexual consent.