2022 Edition

Youth Independent Living Services (CA-YIL) 8: Transition from the Service System

Youth participate in planning for transition to the community and are prepared for adulthood with positive experiences and skills to move successfully to living and managing on their own.




Young adults who receive Youth Independent Living Services obtain safe and stable housing, develop life skills and competencies including work readiness, achieve educational and financial growth goals, and establish healthy, supportive adult and peer relationships.
All elements or requirements outlined in the standard are evident in practice, as indicated by full implementation of the practices outlined in the Practice Standards.
Practices are basically sound but there is room for improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards; e.g.,
  • Minor inconsistencies and not yet fully developed practices are noted; however, these do not significantly impact service quality; or
  • Procedures need strengthening; or
  • With few exceptions, procedures are understood by staff and are being used; or
  • For the most part, established timeframes are met; or
  • Proper documentation is the norm and any issues with individual staff members are being addressed through performance evaluations and training; or
  • Active client participation occurs to a considerable extent.
Practice requires significant improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards. Service quality or program functioning may be compromised; e.g.,
  • Procedures and/or case record documentation need significant strengthening; or
  • Procedures are not well-understood or used appropriately; or
  • Timeframes are often missed; or
  • Several client records are missing important information; or
  • Client participation is inconsistent. 
Implementation of the standard is minimal or there is no evidence of implementation at all, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards; e.g.,
  • No written procedures, or procedures are clearly inadequate or not being used; or 
  • Documentation is routinely incomplete and/or missing.      
Self-Study EvidenceOn-Site EvidenceOn-Site Activities
  • Transition planning procedures
  • Information provided to youth
  • Interviews may include:
    1. Program director
    2. Relevant personnel
    3. Youth
  • Review case records


CA-YIL 8.01

The organization prepares youth for a successful transition by providing youth and collaborating providers:
  1. transfer or termination of custody information, as applicable;
  2. information about rights and services to which the person may have access as a result of a disability;
  3. information needed to access specialized services and navigate adult-serving systems;
  4. information about availability of community resources, including counselling;
  5. court and public assistance systems information;
  6. child care services information; and
  7. support through community volunteers or individuals who have made a successful transition, as appropriate.


CA-YIL 8.02

During the transition process, and prior to case closing, the organization explores the full range of living situations, from supported living to fully independent living environments, with youth and engages them in an evaluation of the risks and benefits of various housing options.


Personnel providing housing support services to LGBTQ youth should consider the sexual orientation, gender identification, and personal preferences of youth when matching them with available housing options. LGBTQ youth are disproportionately subjected to sexual and physical violence which may make certain living accommodations, such as open bathing facilities or single-sex communal facilities, less desirable for this demographic.


CA-YIL 8.03

The organization ensures that an adequate living arrangement is in place for every person transitioning to independence and provides: 
  1. supervised household management practice, when possible; 
  2. tenancy and landlord supports, as appropriate; and
  3. support when needed to address potential landlord-tenant issues impacting youth residents.


CA-YIL 8.04

For every person transitioning to independence, the organization ensures that basic resources are in place, including:
  1. a source of income;
  2. access to at least one committed, caring adult; and
  3. access to positive peer support.


CA-YIL 8.05

The organization provides youth transitioning to independence with six months minimum advance notice of the cessation of any health, financial, educational or other benefits that will occur at transition or case closing.


CA-YIL 8.06

The organization assists youth in obtaining or compiling documents necessary to function as an independent adult, including:
  1. an identification card;
  2. a social insurance number;
  3. a resume, when work experience can be described;
  4. a driver’s licence, when the ability to drive is a goal;
  5. medical records and documentation, including a provincial health services card or other health eligibility documentation;
  6. an original copy of the youth’s birth certificate;
  7. religious documents and information, when appropriate;
  8. documentation of immigration, citizenship, or naturalization, when applicable;
  9. death certificates when parents are deceased;
  10. a life book or a compilation of personal history and photographs, as appropriate;
  11. a list of known relatives, with relationships, addresses, telephone numbers, and permissions for contacting involved parties;
  12. previous placement information; and
  13. educational records, such as high school diploma or GED, and a list of schools attended, when age-appropriate.